Here’s a quick guide to Hatch green chile peppers, the prized chiles from New Mexico grown in the fertile soil along the Rio Grande. The yearly harvest is always cause for celebration, and the following Hatch peppers basics include how to buy, store, and prep them, as well as some info on heat levels.
Rows and rows of mild, medium, hot, and extra hot peppers thrive in the river valley. The following is adapted from Melissa’s Hatch Pepper Cookbook, by Sharon Hernandez, Chef Ida Rodriguez, & Chef Tom Fraker, ©2021. Reprinted by permission of Melissa’s Produce:
Unlike any other pepper-growing region, Hatch’s combination of nutrient-rich soil, intense sunlight, and cool desert nights results in this sought-after pepper with thick walls and flavorful flesh unlike any other.
Buying and storing hatch peppers
Hatch peppers are harvested with in a short six-week season. Melissa’s delivers these full-flavored peppers to your local supermarket, who may be able to roast them for you, or you can take them home and roast them yourself.
Refrigerate fresh Hatch peppers, unwashed, in a plastic bag for up to 5 days. Wash before roasting.
Photo: Melissa’s Produce
Heat levels of hatch peppers
Hatch Pepper varieties cover a full spectrum of heat levels: mild, medium, hot, and all the way to extra hot. They can be used interchangeably in all of our Hatch recipes.
In the Mesilla Valley, pepper heat levels vary depending on the weather. Definitely do a pepper taste-test before adding to recipes to make sure your dish has just the right amount of heat.
How to roast and prep Hatch peppers
STEP 1: ROASTING THE PEPPERS
Grilling: This might just be the best way to roast at home! Simply heat the grill, then line with peppers. Let your senses guide you to roasted perfection, giving them a quarter turn every few minutes and char them until the outer skin starts to blister and blacken.
Stovetop: Use long-handled metal tongs to hold the pepper over a medium open flame, turning often until evenly charred and the outer skin starts to blister and blacken.
Oven: Preheat broiler to high. Arrange peppers in a single layer on a baking sheet and set directly under the broiler Roast until blackened and blistered all over, turning often.
Easiest way: Some local markets offer Melissa’s Hatch Pepper roastings. All you need to do is show up and buy your peppers! Check Melissa’s website during Hatch season to see if there is a Melissa’s roast near you: Hatch Pepper roasting dates and locations.
STEP 2: STEAMING THE PEPPERS
Once you’ve roasted your peppers, you’ll want to let them steam in a closed container until cool to the touch before peeling. You can use a paper bag, a sheet pan covered with foil, or a bowl covered with a damp towel or plastic wrap over the top to get the job done.
STEP 3: PEELING THE PEPPERS
We recommend wearing disposable gloves when handling any pepper. Once the peppers are cool to the touch, peel and discard the skins, revealing the silky flesh.
STEP 4: STORING & FREEZING
Once peeled, store peppers in an airtight container in your refrigerator for 5 to 7 days. Roasted Hatch Peppers can be frozen for up to 2 years. When frozen, Hatch Peppers become hotter over time. We recommend storing small portions to be used in recipes throughout the year.
Once you have your roasted peppers, add them to your favorite recipe or freeze them so you can enjoy them any time you need until next year’s harvest.
Plant-Based Hatch Green Chile Recipes
- Hatch Green Chile Stew
- Hatch Chile Dressing, Ranch Style
- Hatch Green Chile Sauce
- Hatch Green Chile and Black Bean Soup
- Hatch Green Chile Tofu Scramble
Melissa’s Hatch Pepper Cookbook is available in hardcover or as a digital download. Please note, this isn’t a vegan book by any means, but many of the hatch chili peppers recipes can be easily adapted.
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Photo at top: Bfohack22/BigStock.